Home - Guide - Dromedary Camel
Dromedary Camel
(Camelus dromedarius)
© Photographer: Dmytro Korolov
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Genus: Camelus
Species:  dromedarius
IUCN Status:
Not Listed
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Location and Habitat

    Like horses, the majority of Dromedary Camels have
    been domesticated for their many uses.  They thrive in
    arid climates, and are found in the Arabian Peninsula and
    other parts of the Middle East, the Sahara Desert, and
    parts of India.  A wild population has also been
    introduced to Australia.


    Dromedary camels are opportunistic herbivores that will
    eat virtually any vegetation that can be found in the
    desert.  This wide range of food allows them to eat plants
    that other animals will not eat, including thorny plants.

Size and Description

    Dromedary Camels range from about 1000 pounds to
    1500 pounds, making them approximately the same size
    as large horses.  They measure 6 - 6.5 feet at shoulder
    height, and can approach 10 feet in height at its hump.  
    One of the most notable features of the Dromedary
    Camel is its single hump.  Its close relative, the Bactrian
    Camel, has two humps.  The hump is used to store fatty
    tissue, which the camel uses as a food and water source
    when food and water are not available.  The neck of a
    camel is long and curved.  The eyelids of a camel are
    heavily lashed to help protect its eyes from blowing sand
    in the desert.  Camels have thick lips to aid them in
    eating thorny plants.  Camels have large bodies and
    woolly coats.  The hair of the Dromedary Camel is
    generally shorter than that of Bactrian Camels.    


    The pregnancy period of a female Dromedary camel is
    approximately 12 - 13 months.  They will most often have
    one calf but can have two or more.